|Birth Day:||September 25, 1740|
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He attended King's College, later Colombia University, where he graduated and began working for his fathers accounting business. He helped Alexander Hamilton enroll in King's College where they then lived together. In 1765, he became one of the first colonists to join the Sons of Liberty secret society with the intent on protecting the rights of the colonists.
Born in Ireland to Hugh and Sarah Mulligan, Hercules Mulligan emigrated with his family to North America in 1746, settling in New York City, where he was raised from the age of six. Mulligan attended King's College (now Columbia University) in New York City. After graduating, Mulligan worked as a clerk for his father's accounting business. He later went on to open a tailoring and haberdashery business, catering to wealthy officers of the British Crown forces.
In 1765, Mulligan became one of the first colonists to join the Sons of Liberty, a secret society formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight British taxation. In 1770, he helped to mob British soldiers in the Battle of Golden Hill. He was a member of the New York Committee of Correspondence, a group that rallied opposition to the British through written communications. In August 1775, he and the Corsicans, a New York volunteer militia company, while under fire from HMS Asia, captured four British cannons in the Battery. In 1776, Mulligan and the Sons of Liberty knocked down a statue of King George III in Bowling Green and then melted the lead to cast bullets to use against the British. Mulligan remained in New York as a civilian after Washington's army was driven out during the New York campaign in summer 1776.
On October 27, 1773 Mulligan married Elizabeth Sanders at Trinity Church, established by the Church of England. Sanders was the niece of Admiral Charles Sanders of the British Royal Navy. The couple had eight children: five daughters and three sons.
While staying with the Mulligan family, Alexander Hamilton came to share Mulligan's views. As a result, Hamilton wrote an essay in 1775 in favor of independence. When George Washington spoke of his need for reliable information from within New York City in 1776, after the Continental Army was driven out, Hamilton (who was then an officer on Washington's staff) recommended Mulligan due to his placement as tailor to British soldiers and officers.
It is not known what happened to Mulligan's slave, Cato. However, on January 25, 1785, Mulligan, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay became three of the 19 founders of the New York Manumission Society, an early American organization founded to promote the abolition of slavery.
Following the Revolution, Mulligan's tailoring business prospered. He retired in 1820 and died in 1825, aged 84. Mulligan was buried in the Sanders tomb behind Trinity Church. When the church was enlarged, the Sanders tomb was covered. Today, there is a tombstone located in the southwest quadrant of the churchyard bearing Mulligan's name.
In the 2015 hit Broadway musical Hamilton, Mulligan was portrayed by actor Okieriete Onaodowan, who also played James Madison. Mulligan appears in the first act of the play as a friend of Alexander Hamilton, John Laurens, and Marquis de Lafayette, working as a tailor's apprentice and subsequently a soldier and spy in the American Revolution.
Currently, Hercules Mulligan is 282 years, 0 months and 4 days old. Hercules Mulligan will celebrate 283rd birthday on a Monday 25th of September 2023.
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