Holden Roberto
Name: Holden Roberto
Occupation: Politician
Gender: Male
Birth Day: January 12, 1923
Death Date: Aug 2, 2007 (age 84)
Age: Aged 84
Country: Angola
Zodiac Sign: Capricorn

Social Accounts

Holden Roberto

Holden Roberto was born on January 12, 1923 in Angola (84 years old). Holden Roberto is a Politician, zodiac sign: Capricorn. Nationality: Angola. Approx. Net Worth: Undisclosed.

Trivia

He was forced to take the FNLA to Zaire after losing the Battle of Dead Road in 1976.

Net Worth 2020

Undisclosed
Find out more about Holden Roberto net worth here.

Does Holden Roberto Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Holden Roberto died on Aug 2, 2007 (age 84).

Physique

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Before Fame

He worked for the Belgium Finance Ministry before starting his political career in Angola.

Biography

Biography Timeline

1925

Roberto, son of Garcia Diasiwa Roberto and Joana Lala Nekaka, and a descendant of the Royal Family of the Kongo Kingdom, was born in São Salvador in the far north of Angola. His family moved to Léopoldville, in the Belgian Congo, in 1925. In 1940 he graduated from a Baptist mission school. He worked for the Belgian Finance Ministry in Léopoldville, Costermansville, and Stanleyville for eight years. In 1949, Roberto moved back to Léopoldville, where he joined his uncle in playing for the local "Nomads" football side. Roberto would then go on to play for Daring Club Motema Pembe, alongside the later Congolese Prime Minister, Cyrille Adoula. In 1951 he visited Angola and witnessed Portuguese officials abusing an old man, inspiring him to begin his political career.

1954

Roberto and Sydney Manuel Barros Nekaka founded the Union of Peoples of Northern Angola (UPNA), later renamed the Union of Peoples of Angola (UPA), on July 14, 1954. Roberto, serving as UPA President, represented Angola in the All-African Peoples Congress of Ghana which he secretly attended in Accra, Ghana in December 1958. There he met Patrice Lumumba, the future Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenneth Kaunda, the future President of Zambia, and Kenyan nationalist Tom Mboya. He acquired a Guinean passport and visited the United Nations. Jonas Savimbi, the future leader of UNITA, joined the UPA in February 1961 at the urging of Mboya and Kenyan Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta. Later that year Roberto appointed Savimbi Secretary-General of the UPA.

1961

After visiting the United Nations, he returned to Kinshasa and organized Bakongo militants. He launched an incursion into Angola on March 15, 1961, leading 4,000 to 5,000 militants. His forces took farms, government outposts, and trading centers, killing everyone they encountered. At least 1,000 whites and an unknown number of natives were killed. Commenting on the incursion, Roberto said, "this time the slaves did not cower". They massacred everything.

Roberto met with United States President John F. Kennedy on April 25, 1961. When he applied for aid later that year from the Ghanaian government, President Kwame Nkrumah turned him down on the grounds that the U.S. government was already paying him. Roberto merged the UPA with the Democratic Party of Angola to form the FNLA in March 1962 and a few weeks later established the Revolutionary Government of Angola in Exile (GRAE) on March 27, appointing Savimbi to the position of Foreign Minister. Roberto established a political alliance with Zairian President Mobutu Sese Seko by divorcing his wife and marrying a woman from Mobutu's wife's village. Roberto visited Israel in the 1960s and received aid from the Israeli government from 1963 to 1969.

1964

Savimbi left the FNLA in 1964 and founded UNITA in response to Roberto's unwillingness to spread the war outside the traditional Kingdom of Kongo.

Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China, invited Roberto to visit the PRC in 1964. Roberto did not go because Moise Tshombe, the President of Katanga, told him he would not be allowed to return to the Congo.

1976

In 1976, the MPLA defeated the FNLA in the Battle of Quifangondo and the FNLA retreated to Zaire.

1991

In 1991, the FNLA and MPLA agreed to the Bicesse Accords, allowing Roberto to return to Angola. He ran unsuccessfully for President, receiving only 2.1% of the vote. However, the FNLA won five seats in Parliament but refused to participate in the government.

2007

Roberto died on August 2, 2007 at his home in Luanda. After Roberto's death, President José Eduardo dos Santos eulogized, "Holden Roberto was one of the pioneers of national liberation struggle, whose name encouraged a generation of Angolans to opt for resistance and combat for the country's independence," and released a decree appointing a commission to arrange for a funeral ceremony.

🎂 Upcoming Birthday

Currently, Holden Roberto is 99 years, 8 months and 24 days old. Holden Roberto will celebrate 100th birthday on a Thursday 12th of January 2023.

Find out about Holden Roberto birthday activities in timeline view here.

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