|Birth Day:||August 29, 1891|
|Death Date:||September 30, 1955|
|#3||Alexander Chekhov||Father||$1 Million - $2 Million (Approx.)||N/A||57||Novelist|
|#4||Olga Chekhova||Former spouse||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#5||Vera Tschechowa||Granddaughter||$1 Million - $2 Million (Approx.)||N/A||80||Actor|
|#9||Ksenya Karlovna Ziller||Spouse||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|#13||Anton Chekhov||Uncle||$1 Million - $2 Million (Approx.)||N/A||44||Playwright|
As per our current Database, Michael Chekhov died on September 30, 1955.
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Chekhov's first wife was actress Olga Chekhova, whom he met at the Moscow Art Theatre First Studio. Olga Chekhova was a daughter of Konstantin Knipper and was the niece of Olga Knipper, Anton Chekhov's wife, for whom she was named. Their daughter, also baptized Olga, was born in 1916 and became a German actress under the name Ada Tschechowa. His second wife was Xenia Karlovna Ziller, of German origins.
Chekhov studied under the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski at the First Studio, where he acted, directed, and studied Stanislavski's 'system'. He was also influenced in his creative development as an actor by Yevgeny Vakhtangov and Leopold Sulerzhitsky. In 1922, after the death of Vakhtangov, Chekhov became director of the First Studio, which was subsequently renamed Moscow Art Theatre II.
With the beginning of Stalinism in 1927, Chekov came into conflict with the Communistic regime and was threatened to be arrested, especially for his spiritualist interests. In the late 1920s, Chekhov emigrated to Germany and set up his own studio, teaching a physical and imagination-based system of actor training. He developed the use of the "Psychological Gesture", a concept derived from the Symbolist theories of Bely. Stanislavski came to regard Chekhov's work as a betrayal of his principles.
Chekhov's description of his acting technique, On the Technique of Acting, was written in 1942. When reissued in 1991 it had additional material by Chekhov estate executor Mala Powers; an abridged version appeared under the title To the Actor in 1953, with a preface by Yul Brynner, and reissued in 2002 with an additional foreword by Simon Callow and additional Russian material translated and commented on by Andrei Malaev-Babel, a notable Russian-born acting scholar and teacher. The English translation of his autobiography The Path of the Actor was edited by Andrei Kirillov and Bella Merlin and published by Routledge in 2005, marking the 50th anniversary of his death. Some of Chekhov's lectures are available on CD under the title On Theatre and the Art of Acting. The documentary From Russia to Hollywood: the 100 Year Odyssey of Chekhov and Shdanoff, profiles Chekhov and his fellow Russian associate George Shdanoff; released in 1998, it is narrated by Mala Powers and Gregory Peck, who starred in Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound, for which Chekhov earned an Oscar nomination.
Currently, Michael Chekhov is 129 years, 8 months and 7 days old. Michael Chekhov will celebrate 130th birthday on a Sunday 29th of August 2021.
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